What does the "cow of cow" mean?
Pathologies of reproductive function cause a decrease in cattle productivity. Infertility can be observed in both females and males, but it is the cow’s barrenness that causes more damage to the household. This article will discuss the causes of sterility of cows, the principles of their crushing and ways to prevent barrels.
What is a cow
Barrenness is the inability of a female cattle to fertilize. Accordingly, she does not give milk.
Important! A decrease in milk yield, as well as their complete absence, can be observed in cows whose udder is not adapted for machine milking. An udder defect cannot be fixed, therefore such animals must either be milked by hand, or go to fattening and slaughter.
In previously calving females, barrenness is measured by period. The reckoning period begins from the moment of calving and ends with the successful fertilization of the animal. If, within three months after calving, the female did not come to the hunt or was not fertilized after insemination, she is considered to be spring and rejected from the herd.
Causes of infertility
Since barrenness is a violation of the reproductive system of the body, the causes of its occurrence may be physiological or may come from the external environment.
The most common causes of infertility are considered to be:
- adverse animal welfare - unsanitary conditions, violation of microclimate parameters;
- unbalanced animal diet - lack of protein substances, fats, vitamins in the feed;
- illiterate milking - causing the animal discomfort, violation of the milking regimen;
- improper start of the female - its untimely introduction to the repair herd, premature or belated first mating;
- congenital or acquired diseases and deformations of the genitals and reproductive system.
Did you know? The most severe representative of a cow species is considered to be a Holstein cow named Mount Katadin. In 1909, at the age of three, her weight was more than 2.2 tons, and her height at the withers reached 190 cm.
Is it possible to milk a cow
Before you start distributing, you need to consider that the productivity of a cow is significantly reduced after artificial breeding, its organoleptic characteristics are deteriorating.
- To milk a summer female, provide her with full nutrition. Increase the mass fraction of concentrated feed in the diet, take care of giving vitamin supplements. Feed the animal at least three times a day and give him plenty of water.
- Spend smoothly, do not expect instant growth. Milking will increase gradually within three months after the start of milking.
- Milk a bozenka no more than three times a day. Examine its udder to determine how full it is. Do not allow milk to stagnate, but do not give out an incomplete portion so that the volume of milk production does not decrease.
- Use dairy feed in your diet. These include juicy green masses, root crops, oilseed meal, molasses.
- Provide the animal with sufficient amounts of calcium and phosphorus, since it is these elements that are responsible for the normal secretion of milk.
Did you know? The world herd of cattle is so large that if you put all of humanity on one scale and a cow population on the other, then the weight of the burenki will exceed the weight of humanity by three times.
In order to prevent barrenness in cows, it is necessary to adhere to certain principles of their maintenance:
- Enter heifers into the repair herd no earlier than one and a half years. For successful fertilization and bearing healthy offspring, their weight should be at least 350 kg.
- Make sure that the first mating is done in a timely manner - late fertilization leads to disruption of the reproductive system.
- Review the herd's diet, provide it with a balanced feed, mineral and vitamin supplements for all nutrients.
- Organize at least two lesson activities at least one and a half hours daily. The health of the cardiovascular system and, as a consequence, the reproductive system of this animal depends on how actively it moves.
- Carry out regular veterinary examinations of animals (at least once every six months) so that congenital and chronic diseases can be detected at an early stage of development.
- If necessary, resort to the use of hormonal drugs to restore the normal sexual cycle of the animal.
Important! After artificial crushing of the cow, its reproductive function can be restored. However, the first insemination after restoration must be carried out artificially so that the bull does not injure the cow during mating.
Only those animals that feel comfortable and fully fed will provide the farm with the necessary products.